Dating norms in different cultures
THE REHABILITATION MODEL is similar to the medical model; it regards the person with a disability as in need of services from a rehabilitation professional who can provide training, therapy, counseling or other services to make up for the deficiency caused by the disability.Historically, it gained acceptance after World War II when many disabled veterans needed to be re-introduced into society.When people are sick, they are excused from the normal obligations of society: going to school, getting a job, taking on family responsibilities, etc.They are also expected to come under the authority of the medical profession in order to get better.
From the Renaissance through World War II, society believed that people with disabilities might be educated, but in "special" segregated programs or schools, often far from populated areas.
For the individual with a disability, this model is particularly burdensome.
This model has been associated with shame on the entire family with a member with a disability.
One of the central goals of the disability rights movement, which can claim primary political responsibility for the ADA, is to move American society to a new and more positive understanding of what it means to have a disability.
Disability policy scholars describe four different historical and social models of disability: A moral model of disability which regards disability as the result of sin; A medical model of disability which regards disability as a defect or sickness which must be cured through medical intervention; A rehabilitation model, an offshoot of the medical model, which regards the disability as a deficiency that must be fixed by a rehabilitation professional or other helping professional; and the disability model, under which "the problem is defined as a dominating attitude by professionals and others, inadequate support services when compared with society generally, as well as attitudinal, architectural, sensory, cognitive, and economic barriers, and the strong tendency for people to generalize about all persons with disabilities overlooking the large variations within the disability community.